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Related Websites

If you are familiar with sites not listed below, concerning knappable silicious raw materials, their extraction, distribution and use in prehistory, then please .

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Specific sources and regions

Une minière de silex néolithique sur l'A88 (A Neolithic flint mine on the A88)
  Compact informations on the excavations of a neolithic flint mine near Ri (dept. Ornes) on the route of the future A88 motorway in Normandy, France. As usual on the brilliant website of the INRAP (Institut National de Recherches Archéologiques Préventives) there are photos, a nice video (in French) and a PDF-file with all information on the site and excavations you want. When visiting the site, have a look around, there are several other items on flint, like beatiful 3D-models of lithics from the Bergerac.In French only.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
De prehistorische vuursteenmijnen in Ryckholt - St. Geertruid en Valkenburg aan de Geul (The prehistoric flint mines of Rijckholt-St.Geertruid and Valkenburg)
  Worthwhile and expanding site on the important mining areas in Southern Dutch Limburg. Mostly focussed on the excavations at Rijckholt, but with a new section on the flintmines of Valkenburg. In Dutch, with english summaries.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
The earliest flint mine in Iberia
  First description of the rescue excavations in an extensive Early Neolithic flint mining site at Casa Montero near Madrid. Over four hectares of shafts, dating from the second half of the VIth millennium calBC, exploiting several levels of Miocene chert have been investigated in advance of motorway construction.
Online publication in the Project Gallery of Antiquity, March 2006. In English only.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
La lithothèque du bassin de la Charente
  Regional database of flinttypes from the reference collection of the museum in Angoulême in south-west France. This is exactly the type of resource you are looking for when studying flint in that region. Several paragraphs on the scientific background of the collection, schematic geological map, overview of sampled sites, and of course good photos of the materials with accompanying macroscopic and microscopic petrographical descriptions. The navigation takes some time to get used to, and some English summaries would be nice, but those are the only slight disadvantages. Great site. In French only.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
La lithothèque de la société Archéosphère
  Database of flint types from the central western part of france from the French company Archéosphère. Most samples come from the departments of Vienne, Indre, Indre-et-Loire and Loir-et-Cher, with some material from the adjoining regions. Very good search options by map, type of lithic, geological context, and keywords. Short, but adequate macro- and microscopic descriptions, as well as coordinates of the sources and good photos. To consult the database, you have to register as a user, but this is free of charge. Very worthwhile. In French only.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
Raw materials and Early Mediterranean Neolithic expansion process in the upper Rhône basin: the case of the Gardon cave
  Article in SCD (Scientific Construct & Data) format on the Gardon cave raw materials identification project in the Bugey, rewritten from Féblot-Augustins 2006.
Online publication in the e-journal Arkeotek 2007. English and French version.
Last visited on: October 28, 2007
Prehistoric industrial district in the Bakony Mountains
  Basic information on the famous Hungarian prehistoric mining site of Szentgál-Tüzköveshegy in the Bakony Mountains, made on the occasion of a exhibition in Veszprém in 1995. Information on the mining area, the excavations, geology, distribution of the material and associated settlements, as well as recent uses of flint. As often the case, the photos and illustrations could be greatly improved upon. In English, German and Hungarian.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
Silex-Rohmaterialien aus Bayern (siliceous raw materials from Bavaria)
  An older, but still very good site on the raw materials from Southern Germany and their prehistoric use by the late Wolfgang Weißmüller. Good content and some of the best photos of raw materials on the web. In German only.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
Association des Amis du Musée de Préhistoire du Grand-Pressigny
  The homepage of the friends of the museum at Grand-Pressigny, the most famous source of flint in France. Not much on the material itself and the archaeology of the region but a good resource if you plan to visit the region. Most important: here you can order back-issues of the very good Bulletin des Amis du Musée du Grand-Pressigny and other publications. Quick and friendly service, but the postage to anyplace outside France, even within Europe, is quite expensive. In French only.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
Radiocarbon dating of the Neolithic flint mine at Kleinkems
  Article on the most recent excavations in the famous Neolithic flint mine at Kleinkems in South-West Germany with the results of the high-precision AMS-datings by Felix Engel and Frank Siegmund. Online publication in the Project Gallery of Antiquity, December 2005. In English only.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
Das Feuersteinbergwerk aus der Steinzeit (The flint mine from the Stone Age)
  Short informations about the mining site at the Antonshöhe in Vienna-Mauer and its excavation with a few pictures. In German only.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes on World Heritage Site
  Short description of the World Heritage Site of Spiennes in Belgium on the private homepage of Els Slots with some pictures and several reactions of other visitors to the prehistoric flint mines. The rest of the website on numerous UNESCO World Heritage sites is very worthwhile and well made too. In English.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
Les minières néolithiques de spiennes
  Relatively new site of the SRPH (Société de Recherche préhistorique en Hainaut) on the neolithic flint mines of Spiennes. Information on the mines, schedule for visits, good photogallery and some downloadable literature. A must if you are planning to visit the site. In French with a summary in English and Dutch/Flemish.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
Die Feuersteinstrasse (The flint route)
  Homepage of Alexander Binsteiner on his ideas about commercial Neolithic trade routes for chert from Bavaria like Abensberg and Baiersdorf. Some of the parts, like a prehistoric "European Union" or what was traded, are decidedly far fetched, but in all the project contributes to the knowledge of flint distribution in Central Europe. In German only.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
Raw material atlas of non-metallic prehistoric raw materials on the territory of Hungary and adjacent regions
  Very ambitious project from the Hungarian National Museum to map all prehistoric raw materials from pottery to paint and rocks used in Hungary. At the moment of writing still a bit thin in content but very promising. Alas the same problems as with the LITHOTHECA website: the photos could be much improved upon and the navigation is in parts dysfunctional. In Hungarian and English.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
Neolithic flint mines at Krzemionki, Poland
  Biligual (Polish and English) site on the prehistoric flint mines at Krzemionki. All information you need on opening hours and access when you plan to visit the site.Background information on flint mining in Europe, plentyful illustrations, and some references.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
Fampoux: Les premiers mineurs du Nord-Pas-de-Calais (Fampoux: The first miners in Nord-Pas-de-Calais)
  Site by Bertrand Masson and Luc Vallin on the neolithic flint mines in Northern France near Arras at Fampoux, mostly focussing on the results of the recent excavations on the site. Well made and copiously illustrated and takes therefore some time to load, but it's worth waiting for. In French only
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
The Characterization of Obsidian from Pantelleria (Italy)
  The Archaeological Significance of Multiple Island Sources. Online article from the 'Obsidian Sourcing Project' of the University of South Florida, Tampa. Paper presented at the Society for American Archaeology in 2001. In English.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008

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Material collections, general

International Association for Obsidian Studies
  The homepage of the IAOS is the first place to go on the web if you want to know anything about obsidian and other natural glasses. Extensive literature, articles and the very ambitious "World Obsidian Source Catalog". Very good links and information on American sources, but still lacking content for the rest of the world. In English only.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
  Comparative raw material collection of the Hungarian National Museum. The very extensive lithic reference collection as published in Biró & Dobosi 1991 and Biró et al. 2000 of mostly Hungarian raw materials. Searchable by name, site and region. One of the very few sites of its kind on the web, but the design, navigation and especially the photos could be improved. In English and Hungarian.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008

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Foreign Materials

An archaeological guide to chert types of east-central Illinois
  A very good initiative from the Parkland College in Illinois. Contains an index and a type key, which is, as far as we know, the only online determination key for flint available, even if it's only for a small region. BEWARE: the high-resolution photos are EXTREMELY large (mostly several MB) and only to be clicked if you have either a lot of time on your hands or an extremely fast connection. In English only.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
Illinois chert sources
  Smallish site with an overview of chert types from Illinois, less well made than the resource cited above. Too many heavy pictures which make loading any page a torture, and even then the photos are of sub-standard colour and quality. In English only
Last visited on: May 1, 2008

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Lithics, general

Robert Tykot
  Publications and Presentations by Robert H. Tykot of the University of South Florida. Personal homepage of the American researcher of Monte Arci (Sardinia, Italy) and other Western Mediterranean obsidian sources. Overview with most articles available as PDF-file. If all lithic specialists would make their work available in this way, the world would be a much better place for all of us.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
  Stone Age Reference Collection of the Institute of Archaeology at the University of Oslo. Well made and maintained site with a smallish section on raw materials. Mostly focussed on technological aspects of lithic studies. In English and Norwegian.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
The Lithics Site
  A resource for archaeological lithic analysts. The name says it all. Extensive and regularly updated link list by Hugh Jarvis. Mainly American resources, but quite a few international links too. Home of the very worthwhile Lithic Analysis discussion list. In English only.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
  Prehistòria de Catalunya. Somewhat chaotic Catalan site on flint and lithic technology with a clear focus on the latter. One of the very few resources for the Iberian Peninsula. Mainly in Catalan and Spanish, but some English summaries.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008

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Other resources

Archäologie Online
  German site packed with archaeological resources with a small section on flint. In all very good design and well balanced navigation, searchable by country, period, subject and special themes. In German only.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
  Archaeological Online-Journal of the Neolithic Period in Central Europe. Academic online journal on Neolithic archaeology. Well made and original articles. Mostly in German but with English summaries and figure captions.
Especially worthwhile from a lithic point of view are articles by Knipper et al.: The Neolithic Settlement Landscape of the Southeastern Swabian Alb with ample attention for the sources of chert in the region of Blaubeuren. (In English with German summary and captions) and by Diedrich: Kieselgeoden als wichtiger Rohstoff für die Beilproduktion im Neolithikum von Nordwestdeutschland - Erste Nachweise von Produktionsplätzen der Trichterbecherkultur on a less known raw material (silica-ironstone) used for axes and other tools. (German with English summary and captions)
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
Stone Pages
  The site on the big stones. Basically, this site is not of any direct interest to the sourcing of flint or like materials, but it is so well made, beautifully designed and full of visual and other content, that we can't but list it. If you are planning to launch a site, have a very good look, and learn. Without a doubt one of the very best (archaeological) pages to be found on the web. In English and Italian.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
Tabellen und Tafeln zur Grabungstechnik
  Again, nothing to do with flint and the like directly, but a very nice and handy book on excavation-techniques written by Andreas Kinne, one of the main participants in the FlintSource project. In German only.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008

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LithoLex Lithostratigrafisches Lexikon
  Lithostratigraphische Einheiten Deutschlands (Lithostratigraphical Units of Germany). Online lexicon of the German Stratigraphic Commission of the International Union of Geological Sciences on the lithostratigraphy of Germany hosted by the Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffen. The database is mostly based on the monographical series "Stratigraphie von Deutschland" and can be searched by unit as well as via free text. Very useful tool for anyone interested in the formal geology of Germany with several entries on the flint bearing Cretaceous of the Aachen region. In German only.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008
MIRACLE - microfossil image recovery and circulation for learning and education
  "An insight into micropalaeontology" Great site on microfossils with numerous scanning electron microscope photos of fossils from the University College London Micropalaeontology Unit. In English.
Last visited on: May 1, 2008